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Refugee/ IDP Camp

Regional Displaced People

Military Base

Military Office

Understanding The Map

The map serves as a rough guide to the different conflict areas, displaced peoples, rebel groups and their territories.

The situation is extremely fluid and hard to define. As such, the map should be considered as more of an illustrative aid, rather than a specific outline.

Stronghold:

Areas in which rebel groups operate freely without interference from the Burma government.

Light Control:

Areas in which rebel groups have influence but not all out control. These areas are explicitly controlled by the Burma Government but rebel groups may recruit, conduct military operations, collect taxes and provide basic government services. Degrees of light control vary greatly from area to area.

Conflict History

The conflict in Burma is the longest running civil war in the world, with some exceptions, the divides are primarily down ethnic lines.

Ethnic regions consistently suffer from the highest rates of poverty and lack of National government services. There is also a long running history of land confiscation, denial of basic human rights, violent abuse, preventions of cultural practices, political disenfranchisement, theft, forced labour and war crimes perpetrated against civilians.

Armed rebel groups also have a long history of fighting one another.

Peace Process

Burma’s peace process is highly complex given the large number of actors involved, lack of transparency and rapid speed of changes.* It is a widely held belief among many rebel and minority groups that the Peace Process is merely a show for the international backers who financially support the project, while fighting on the ground continues to take place unabated.

Burma vs Myanmar

The national governments effort to change the countries name to “Myanmar” was done so to imply that plurality exists within the nation.
However Burman ethno-nationalist policies still exist, hence the name “Myanmar” continues to feel like yet another affront and devaluation the socio-political and cultural difference between Burmans and other ethnic groups.

Alliances

There are two official primarily alliances. Northern Alliance and United Nationalities Federal Council.

Also note that many of the groups along the Western and border fight against the Indian National Government as well the Burmese.

Tatmadaw - Burma Army
Tatmadaw - Burma Army

Active Fighting
Troops ~ 500,000

Kachin Independence Organisation
Kachin Independence Organisation

Northern Alliance

Active Fighting
Troops ~ 12,000
Shan State Army - North
Shan State Army - North

Northern Alliance & United Nationalities Federal Council

Active Fighting
Troops ~ 8,000
Ta’ang National Liberation Army
Ta’ang National Liberation Army

Northern Alliance

Active Fighting
Troops ~ 6,000
Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (Kokang)
Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (Kokang)

Northern Alliance

Active Fighting
Troops ~ 4,000
Karen National Liberation Army
Karen National Liberation Army

Independent

Active Fighting
Troops ~ 5,000
United Wa State Army
United Wa State Army

Independent

Non-Combatant
Troops ~ 25,000

Democratic Karen Benevolent Army
Democratic Karen Benevolent Army

Independent

Active Fighting
Troops ~ 1,500
National Socialist Council of Nagaland
National Socialist Council of Nagaland

Active

Ceasefire
Troops ~ 4,500
Shan State Army - South
Shan State Army - South

Independent

Ceasefire
Troops ~ 15,000
National Democratic Alliance Army
National Democratic Alliance Army

Independent

Ceasefire
Troops ~ 3,000
All Burma Students Democratic Front
All Burma Students Democratic Front

Independent

Active Fighting
Troops ~ 400
Shanni Nationalities Army
Shanni Nationalities Army

Government Aligned

Ceasefire
Troops ~ 300
Karen Peace Council
Karen Peace Council

Independent

Ceasefire
Troops ~ +200
Arakan Army (North & Eastern Region)
Arakan Army (North & Eastern Region)

United Nationalities Federal Council & Northern Alliance

Active Fighting
Troops ~ 3,000
Chin National Army
Chin National Army

Independent

Ceasefire
Troops ~ 500

Kuki National Army
Kuki National Army

Independent

Active Fighting
Troops ~ +200
Lahu Democratic Union
Lahu Democratic Union

United Nationalities Federal Council

Ceasefire
Troops – Unknown
Pa-Oh Liberation Organization
Pa-Oh Liberation Organization

Independent

Ceasefire
Troops ~+400
Karenni National Progressive Party
Karenni National Progressive Party

United Nationalities Federal Council

Active Fighting
Troops ~ 3000

Mon National Liberation Army
Mon National Liberation Army

United Nationalities Federal Council

Ceasefire
Troops ~ 2,000
Wa National Army
Wa National Army

Independent

Status – Unknown
Troops – +200
Arakan Liberation Army (Western Region)
Arakan Liberation Army (Western Region)

Independent

Active Fighting
Troops ~ +100
Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army
Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army

Independent

Active Fighting
Troops ~ Unknown
Zomi Revolutionary Army
Zomi Revolutionary Army

Independent

Active Fighting
Troops ~ 3000